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Identification, Referral, and Recruitment

The prevalence of heavy, episodic alcohol and other drug use and dependence in the college and university population puts students at an elevated risk for harmful AOD-related consequences. Unfortunately, despite the growing number of effective AOD interventions, these high-risk students are unlikely to identify themselves as having a substance abuse problem and are therefore unlikely to seek or receive help. On many campuses it is only students who have already experienced adverse consequences of their drinking - such as those referred through the judicial system - who receive any form of treatment. These limited referral channels serve only a portion of students at risk.

In response to the concern that students in need of intervention are not recognized or do not self-refer, some campuses have successfully employed strategies to increase early identification, referral, and recruitment of students with problematic AOD use.

Screening and Identification

Early identification of students at high risk for AOD-related consequences is an essential part of effective prevention and intervention.

Referral and Recruitment

Several strategies exist to increase student engagement in AOD prevention and intervention services.


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