Identification, Referral, and Recruitment
The prevalence of heavy, episodic alcohol and other drug use and dependence in the college and university population puts students at an elevated risk for harmful AOD-related consequences. Unfortunately, despite the growing number of effective AOD interventions, these high-risk students are unlikely to identify themselves as having a substance abuse problem and are therefore unlikely to seek or receive help. On many campuses it is only students who have already experienced adverse consequences of their drinking - such as those referred through the judicial system - who receive any form of treatment. These limited referral channels serve only a portion of students at risk.
In response to the concern that students in need of intervention are not recognized or do not self-refer, some campuses have successfully employed strategies to increase early identification, referral, and recruitment of students with problematic AOD use.
Early identification of students at high risk for AOD-related consequences is an essential part of effective prevention and intervention.
Several strategies exist to increase student engagement in AOD prevention and intervention services.