Policy Development and Enforcement
If campus alcohol and other drug policies and local, state, and federal laws are not enforced consistently, they serve as ineffective deterrents to alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. In addition, if no policy or law exists, students may abuse AOD without serious legal or disciplinary repercussions. Campuses, communities, and groups throughout the state can work toward developing and enforcing campus policies and local, state, and federal laws effectively and consistently to decrease AOD use.
Campus AOD Policy
Enforcing campus AOD policy requires the full involvement of campus public safety personnel, students, staff, and faculty. On campus, administrators can increase enforcement and strengthen policy. A preliminary step in this process is to critically examine and revise campus AOD policies. Administrators should identify what policy gaps exist, and determine where efforts can be increased. Once the policy has been revised, administrators can disseminate the campus AOD policies to ensure that every member of the campus community has access to and clearly understands them.
Campus officials may require registration of all on-campus functions, increase ID checks, and use decoy operations at campus pubs. These measures, as well as increasing patrols near on-campus parties, serve to monitor and survey campus drinking, Increasing disciplinary sanctions for violations of campus AOD policies and criminal prosecution of students for offenses sends a clear message to students about the stringency of campus policy.
Local and State Level AOD Policy
Policy development and enforcement at the local and state levels also plays a critical role in creating a healthy student environment. Policies should establish regulations to curb fake ID use and also mandate alcohol outlets to educate sellers/servers about potential legal liability, enforce seller penalties for sale of liquor to minors, and use decoy operations at retail alcohol outlets. Additionally, local communities can coordinate their policies with those of the campus to reduce off-campus parties through increased patrols near off-campus parties and ordinances that restrict open house assemblies and noise level.
Drinking and Driving
Finally, campus and community policy makers can work together to prevent drinking and driving, which has detrimental effects to everyone in the campus and local community. DUI laws can be examined for effectiveness, and local and state groups may consider pursuing more stringent DUI policy.
Policy development and enforcement at the campus, local, and state levels is a powerful tool of environmental management. A thorough examination of the effectiveness of existing policy, and a deliberate effort to develop policy helps strengthen prevention efforts, reducing AOD use and related behavior.
Examples of specific strategies:
- Revise campus AOD policy
- Disseminate campus AOD policy
- Require on-campus functions to be registered
- Increase ID checks at on-campus functions
- Use decoy operations at campus pubs and on-campus functions
- Increase patrols near on-campus parties
- Increase disciplinary sanctions for violations of campus AOD policies
- Increase criminal prosecution of students for alcohol and other drug offenses
- Change driverÃs licensing procedures and formats
- Impose driverÃs license penalties for minors violating alcohol laws
- Educate sellers/servers about potential legal liability
- Enforce seller penalties for sale of liquor to minors
- Enforce law against buying alcohol for minors
- Use decoy operations at retail alcohol outlets
- Increase ID checks at off-campus bars and liquor stores
- Enforce penalties for possessing fake IDs
- Increase patrols near off-campus parties
- Pass ordinances to restrict open house assemblies and noise level
- Increase enforcement of DUI laws