Restrict Potentially Lethal Means
All colleges and universities have a legal obligation to make reasonable efforts to prevent foreseeable risk. In terms of mental heath promotion and suicide prevention, this involves preventing student access to the means that enable them to harm themselves or others.
Institutions need to work with administrators and staff across many campus departments to devise policies and strategies that will ultimately limit student access to potentially dangerous sites and agents. This involves limiting student access to windows, balconies, rooftops, and other elevated locations in campus buildings where the potential for student harm is great. Campuses should also aim to minimize student access to laboratory facilities where students could gain access to dangerous substances, poisons, or chemicals. Administrators should also work towards reducing the number of firearms, knives, or other weapons on campus through policy initiatives. Since students can cause harm to themselves or others through alcohol or drug overdose, campuses can also strive to limit student access to alcohol or other drugs.